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Math and science::Analysis::Tao::06. Limits of sequences

Monotone bounded sequences converge

Increasing, decreasing and monotone

A sequence \( (a_n)_{n=0}^{\infty} \) is increasing if \( a_n \le a_{n+1} \) for all \( n \in \mathbb{N} \) and decreasing if \( a_n \gt a_{n+1} \) for all \( n \in \mathbb{N} \). A sequence is monotone if it is either increasing or decreasing.

Monotone bounded sequences converge

If a sequence is [...] and [...], then it converges.

The easiest card ever. The proof is on the reverse; can you think of it? The proof is easy and obvious in retrospect, but it uses a property that I originally didn't consider using to solve the problem.